The Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) is one of the options under the Express Entry immigration system. Through this program, selected Canadian provinces can nominate people who wish to immigrate to those provinces, on the basis of their age, education, IELTS and work experience – in other words, their potential to contribute to the economic growth of that province. Each of these provinces have different selection criteria based on the specific requirements of employers and capital investment needs of that region. This works out to the benefit of both – the potential immigrants as well as the province – as a means of mutual growth. For instance, some provinces might need more students, whereas some might need more skilled /semi-skilled workers and so on. Having said that, it is truly also a factor of luck if candidates get selected for the province they applied to, as there are limited seats available for nomination. As of today, the following provinces offer the PNP route:

  • Ontario
  • New Brunswick
  • Nova Scotia
  • Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan
  • Newfoundland

Here are some of the different PNPs available to those who have made an Express Entry profile. A candidate can apply to any of these provinces to get 600 additional points, to get into the league of the highly ranked candidates and increase his chance of receiving an Invitation To Apply (ITA).

ONTARIO IMMIGRANT NOMINATION PROGRAM (OINP)

Ontario is among Canada’s most populated provinces. It happens to be the bustling center for the economic, political and social life in Canada.

Ontario is among Canada’s most populated provinces. It happens to be the bustling center for the economic, political and social life in Canada.

The OINP is operated in partnership with the federal government via Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), and helps employers in recruiting and retaining those foreign workers that will allow Ontario to meet its labor market and economic development objectives. Individuals who demonstrate this potential are nominated for Permanent Residence in Ontario.

The OINP assesses candidates based on certain criteria in accordance with its economic objectives. A majority of working professionals from the O, A, B skill levels of NOC 2011 are eligible to get nominated by Ontario through this program. The nominated candidates can then apply for PR via IRCC, which has the final say on the result of each application and issues Permanent Resident visas to successful applicants.

OINP requires that a candidate scores at least 67 points as per the Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) rules, in order to be eligible to apply. Candidates are also required to make a minimum of 400 points in the CRS to be eligible for nomination.

After nomination, candidates need to dispatch their files to Ontario State. If they receive a PNP nomination, they earn an additional 600 points. On accepting the nomination within the specified time frame, they rank higher under the CRS, and become eligible to receive an ITA from IRCC.

After the immigration process is complete, the candidate needs to stay in Ontario for a minimum of 2 years in order to avail the benefits and facilities associated with PR, and can later choose to move to another state.

SASKATCHEWAN IMMIGRANT NOMINATION PROGRAM (SINP)

Saskatchewan has a huge number of immigrants, and is among Canada’s most rapidly advancing economies. No wonder then that it is also known as the land of opportunities. It boasts of vast expanses of untouched, serene wilderness, and its economy is largely based on agriculture and industries like forestry and fishing that survive on natural resources. Candidates require a minimum of 60 points and must also qualify under the 67 points criteria under the FSW, so as to be eligible to apply for the SINP PNP program. After an online application to SINP, candidates need to wait for around 45-90 days post which they will get a nomination. This will allow them to add an additional 600 points to their Express Entry profile, making them eligible to receive an ITA. Like most other provinces that offer PR, SINP also requires candidates to stay for a minimum of 2 years in order to avail the benefits and facilities associated with PR. After 2 years, there will be no restrictions to move to other provinces of the candidates’ choice.

NOVA SCOTIA NOMINATION PROGRAM (NSNP)

Located in the Maritimes region of Canada, the Nova Scotia province is known for its ravishing coastal beauty and is quite a tourist attraction too. It comprises the Nova Scotia peninsula, Cape Breton island and a bunch of over 3000 smaller islands. Not surprisingly, Nova Scotians are known for their close connections with the sea. The following streams are available for applying via the NSNP:

  • Nova Scotia Demand (Express Entry)
  • Nova Scotia Experience (Express Entry)
  • Entrepreneur
  • International Graduate Entrepreneur
  • Skilled Worker

The application processing time varies as per the stream chosen, and can take up to 90 days. Candidates must apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for the PR visa within 6 months of receiving a nominee certificate. The PR will only be approved if the candidates, their spouses and families meet the requirements for medical, security and criminal admissibility. The CIC has the final say on issuing a PR visa. It’s important to note that a candidate loses eligibility for the NSNP, if he or his spouse has first blood relatives in other Canadian provinces.

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NEW BRUNSWICK PROVINCIAL NOMINATION PROGRAM (NBPNP)

New Brunswick is among Canada’s Maritime regions, and is the only official bilingual province, with a considerable percentage of people speaking French as a first language. Through the NBPNP, interested candidates that have the targeted skills and experience to further New Brunswick’s economic growth will receive a New Brunswick nomination certificate, which will allow them to apply for PR with a faster processing time. Candidates who wish to apply need to make 67 points, just like the FSW system. Working professionals who have O/A/B skill levels are eligible to apply. These applications are reviewed on the basis of eligibility requirements. However, just meeting the eligibility criteria is no guarantee for nomination. Candidates who demonstrate the highest potential to become economically established in New Brunswick are given priority among all the applicants. Candidates having blood relatives, prior travel history, study in New Brunswick or past work visa will also be given preference. The Express Entry New Brunswick Labor Market Stream is a new addition to the NBPNP. Interested candidates are required to submit an expression of interest to the NBPNP, as per the details provided on the NBPNP Express Entry page. The expression of interest typically includes the candidates’ language test scores, education assessment and work experience. The candidates who score the highest ranks may be invited to apply for the NBPNP Express Entry Labor Market Stream. After provincial nominations are received, the CIC will send an ITA for PR to the top ranking candidates.

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PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND PROVINCIAL NOMINATION PROGRAM (PEI PNP)

Prince Edward Island is among Canada’s smallest provinces, and earns the distinction of being the birthplace of Canada due to the Charlotte conference. Prince Edward Island is known for its verdant farmlands and beautiful coastline, and a growing economy resting on the pillars of agriculture, fishing and tourism. Through the PEI PNP, interested candidates who meet the skills and experience requirements of this region may receive a Prince Edward Island Provincial Nomination Certificate, which will enable them to apply for PR via the Express Entry system, with fast track application processing of 6 months or less. Applying through this program does not guarantee review or acceptance of submitted profiles. Only profiles that match the current needs for Prince Edward Island will be considered. The PEI PNP currently accepts applications under the following streams:

  • Labor Impact Category
  • Business Impact Category
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MANITOBA PROVINCIAL NOMINATION PROGRAM (MPNP)

Situated between Ontario and Saskatchewan, Manitoba is often referred to as the gateway to western Canada. Manitoba boasts of a stable labor market in an economy primarily based on agriculture and other industries around natural resources. The Manitoba Provincial Nominee program selects immigrants that pass the criteria laid down by Manitoba in conjunction with the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and the Canada-Manitoba Immigration Agreement. The MPNP has different selection processes for skilled workers and entrepreneurs. Applications are invited from qualified candidates who can show stronger connections to the region through family or friends, past education or employment or by invitation via MPNP. Interested candidates need to get at least 60 points for the eligibility criteria – age, language skills, education, work experience and adaptability. Similarly, candidates who receive sponsorship from blood / distant relatives are also eligible for nomination. Candidates who meet this benchmark, and also have a high CRS rank in the Express Entry pool have a higher chance of being selected. Prospective candidates who meet the targeted skills and experience receive a Manitoba Provincial Nomination Certificate, and they must then apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for a permanent residency visa. They will also need to pass the necessary security and medical checks. CIC will have the final power to issue PR visas.